Screen Printing - What is screen printing?
A method of printing; this process creates an image by forcing ink through a screen. Screen printing is also known as screen process, serigraphy, and silk screening (derived from early screen printing techniques in which the screen was made of silk). The screen is made of a fine mesh, constructed by weaving together threads of natural fibres (silk), synthetic fibres (polyester, nylon), or threads of metal. A stencil is applied to the screen, paste ink is placed at the top of the screen, and a squeegee is used to drag the ink down the screen. Where there are openings in the stencil, the ink is forced through the screen and onto a substrate. When printing more than one colour, each colour has its own stencil and they are applied one at a time. The ink is left to dry in place, although heat, light, and pressure may also be used to speed up the drying process. Screen printing can be used to print onto almost any material but is most commonly used to print textiles.Go Back to Glossary